剩下的动词就要变作非谓语动词了,节省了四个

作者:必威-中小学教育

  策略之一:用介词短语替代从句。例:

删繁就简的技巧

单词讲解

  • thirsty adj.贪杯的,口渴的
    I am thirsty. / I feel thirsty.
    The man was thirsty for power / Knowledge / success.
    hungry adj.饿的

  • ghost n.鬼混的
    a creepy ghost story

  • haunt v.(鬼)来访,闹鬼
    People say ghosts haunt the old house.
    The house is haunted (by the ghosts).
    v. 不愉快的事情
    If something unpleasant haunts you, try to ignore it and move on.
    She was haunted by bad feelings night and day.

  • block v.堵
    The highway was blocked by a few trucks(货车).
    The clouds blocked his view of the mountains.
    n. 拥堵 大楼 街区
    traffic block / jam
    a block of flats(平地).
    She walked three blocks down the main street.

  • furniture n.家具
    a piece of furniture

  • shake v.摇动
    shake shook shaken
    shake hands with sb.

大家都知道英语中动词一般是用来做谓语的,但是当一句话中已经有了谓语动词时,剩下的动词就要变作非谓语动词了,因此非谓语动词在英语中很常见,关于非谓语动词的语法知识自然就要大家能够熟练掌握,然而其中涉及动词的变位、搭配等问题,有一定的难度,接下来老师为大家整理了非谓语动词语法知识,考试前大家抓紧掌握吧。

  原句:While they were playing tennis, she started an argument that lasted all morning。

1、用介词(短语)替代从句。 when 引导的从句可以用during来替代,在方位及指路中可以用at 替代。

语法讲解

  • A public house which was recently bought by Mr.lan...
    a public house
    be up for sale

  • Mr... is going to sell it because it is haunted.

  • He told me that he could not go to sleep one night...
    间接宾语(宾语从句)

  • ...he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the furniture had been moved.
    宾语从句

  • ... he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the furniture had been moved.
    一般过去时 / 过去完成时(的被动语态)

  • Though Mr... had turned the lights off before he went to bed,they were on in the morning.
    过去完成时 / 一般过去时

  • He also said that he had found five empty whisky bottles which the ghost must have drunk...
    must have done 推测过去

  • When I suguested that some villargers must have come in for a free drink,Mr... shook his head.

even if 即使

一、非谓语动词的概念

  修改后:During tennis she started an argument that lasted all morning。

1)  While they were playing tennis, she started an argument that lasted all morning.

知识扩展

n. + v. -> 谓语动词的变化 : 时态 + 语态 + 情态 + 变态(改变时态)

  • 句子的分类
    简单句 / 并列句 / 复合句
    复合句 = 主句 + 从句(名词性从句,定义从句,状语从句)

动词的基本用法是作谓语。当句中已经有了谓语动词了,要选或要填的动词就只能用非谓语形式了。

  原句:When you come to the second traffic light, turn right。

1#  During tennis, she started an argument that lasted all morning.

非谓语形式有三种:1、动词不定式:to do 2、动词的ing : doing 3、动词的过去分词:done。其中不定式表示目的和将来;动词的ing表示主动和进行;过去分词表示被动和完成。

  修改后:At the second traffic light turn left。

2) When you come to the second traffic light, turn right.

二、非谓语动词的时态和语态

  策略之二:删除诸如"who is”或"that is"之类的关系代词,变从句为短语。例:

2# At the second traffic light, turn right.

一般式:不定式:主动to do ,被动to be done ; ing 形式:主动doing ,被动being done ;过去分词:被动done

  原句:The novel, which is written in three parts, told a story that took place in the Middle Ages。

2、用过去分词形式替代从句

完成式:不定式:主动to have done ,被动to have been done;ing 形式:主动having done,被动having been done

  修改后:The three-part novel told a story set in the Middle Ages。

1) The novel, which is written in three parts, told a story that is set in the Middle Ages.

进行式: 不定式to be doing

  注:把句中的"three parts"改用形容词来表达,节省了四个不必要的单词"which is written in"。我们经常可以将关系代词如"that"去掉,这只会引起最少的变动。

1# Written in three parts, the novel told a story set in the Middle Ages.

三、非谓语动词的复合结构

  策略之三:剔除你不需要的单词。例:

1# The three-part novel told a story set in the Middle Ages.

不定式的复合结构:for / of sb. to do sth.

  Two joint partners will present their views over a long-distance telephone call。

3、用前置修饰语替代who/that 从句,意思是能用一个形容词搞定的就不要用从句了。

动词 ing 形式的复合结构:宾格或所有格+doing (-ing 形式作主语时,用的所有格+doing)

  写完这样的句子后,你自己再读一遍,挑出单词"joint"和"telephone",注意删去不必要的词。

1) A neighbour who would like to help others will get certain help in return.

  1. 不定式和动名词作主语的区别

    更多信息请访问:新浪中小学教育频道

1# A helpful neighbour often receives help from others in return.

(1)动名词作主语时,通常用以表示一件已知的事或经验,不定式短语通常用来表示一件未完成的事或目的。

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

2) The couple that has just married plans to visit Chengdu in southwestern China.

Driving a car during the rush hour is tiring.在高峰时刻开车令人厌烦。(经验)

2# The newly-wed couple plans to visit Chengdu in southwestern China.

(2)不定式做主语,一般用it当形式主语,把作主语的不定式短语后置。

3) I want to thank people who are associated either in the past or at the present with the Shanghai International Studies University, such as Margaret Wang, Vivian Yang, Professor Li Guan-Yi and Miss Marion Baillie.

It took me only five minutes to finish the job.

3# I want to thank people associated with the Shanghai InternationalstudiesUniversity, past and present: Margaret Wang, Vivian Yang, Professor Li Guan-Yi and Miss Marion Baillie.

  1. 不定式、动名词和分词作表语的区别

4、删除意义重复的单词或短语

(1)不定式作表语

1) Two joint partners will present their views over a long-distance telephone call.

① 不定式作表语一般表示具体动作,特别是表示将来的动作。

1# Two partners will present their views over a long-distance call.

What I would suggest is to start work at once.我的建议是立刻开始干。

2) We sometimes make choices that put our lives in jeopardy where death can occur.

② 如果主语是不定式(表示条件),表语也要是不定式(表示结果)。

2# We sometimes make choices that put our lives in jeopardy.

To see is to believe.百闻不如一见。

3) He gets so angry that he would like to take someone else's life and murder them.

(2)动名词作表语:动名词作表语,表示抽象的一般性的行为。

3# Sometimes he becomes angry enough to contemplate murder.

His hobby is collecting stamps.他的爱好是集邮。

4) Liu Bin is employed at a TV station working as a news reporter.

(3)分词作表语

4# 1) Liu Bin works at TV station as a news reporter.

分词做表语有两种情况,一种是现在分词做表语,一种是过去分词做表语,这两者区别是考试中经常考到的地方。

4# 2) Liu Bin is a news reporter at a TV station.

puzzling令人费解的--puzzled感到费解的

4# 3) Liu Bin is a TV news reporter.

satisfying令人满意的---satisfied感到满意的

5) Sun Hong is determined in her mind to lose weight.

The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too much.如果要学生学得太多,他们会感到糊涂的。

5# Sun Hong is determined to lose weight.

The argument is very convincing.他的论点很令人信服。

6) My car is a foreign import, not home-made. 

  1. 不定式和动名词作宾语的区别

6#  My car is an import, not home-made.

(1)有少数动词只能用动名词作宾语

7) This book will help you master the basic elements of good writing.

acknowledge,admit ,dislike, advocate,complete,appreciate ,avoid,enjoy,delay,escape,deny

## basic 与 elements 重复,保留一个即可。

例如:I appreciate having been given the opportunity to study abroad two years ago.

7# This book will help you master the basics of good writing.

我很感激两年前给我出国学习的机会。

8) Dr.Sun Yat-sen wants to Japan by means of a big boat.

(2)有些动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的差别

8# Dr Sun Yat-sen want to Japan by boat.

① forget to do 忘记要去做某事(此事未做),forget doing忘记做过某事(此事已做过或已发生)

9) He has no sense of principles, whether he is in public or in private.

② stop to do 停止、中断(某件事),目的是去做另一件事。stop doing 停止正在或经常做的事

###Me: he cannot realise whether he is in public or in private. 简化。另外:whether in white or in black= black or white; whether in theory or in practice= in theory, or in practice.

③ remember to do 记住去做某事(未做),remember doing记得做过某事(已做)

9# He has no principles, public or private.

④ regret to do对要做的事遗憾,regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔

5、词性的转换

⑤ try to do努力、企图做某事,try doing试验、试一试某种办法

1) It makes me feel painful to think that she has to work 12 hours a day and seven days a week.

⑥ mean to do打算,有意要…,mean doing意味着

## make sb feel painful 可直接用动词。it+e及物动词+sb. it makes me sad= it saddens me, it makes me cheerful= it cheers me.

  1. 不定式和分词作状语的区别

1# It pains me to think that she has to work 12 hours a day and seven days a week.

(1)现在分词与过去分词作状语的区别。

2) It will be our aim to ensure proper health care for each and every one of the Chinese people.

① 现在分词作状语时,现在分词的动作就是句子主语的动作,它们之间的关系是主动关系。

## Our aim 可以直接做主语,It is our position= our position is; it is my proposal that=my proposal is that/ I propose that.

Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help.

2# Our aim is to ensure proper health care for all Chinese people.

② 过去分词作状语时,过去分词表示的动作是句子主语承受的动作,它们之间的关系是被动关系。

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